Part 2: The Widening Frontier :: Trans-Appalachian Frontier, People, Societies, and Institutions, 1775-1850 by Malcolm J. Rohrbough
Note: These questions will be explored in this entire section, not just this introduction.
Response / Thought Quotes
- “The government’s impact on families, communities, and businesses west of the mountains had far exceeded issues of relations with Indian peoples, significant as those were.”
- “This portion of the story opens on a world of a vast open and varied landscape; it closes on the increasing presence on the land of numbers of small settlements that represented the harbingers of American presence.”
- “Yet over the next decade, the influence of the federal government intruded into a wide range of areas that no one (least of all the Jeffersonians) could have anticipated at the turn of the century.”
- “As the influence of the federal government moved well beyond the issues of the Northwest and Land Ordinances, a curious contradiction emerged.”
- In what ways did the trans-Appalachian frontier “widen” in the period from 1795 to 1815?
- Compare and Contrast: Northern population growth and Southern population growth in the trans-Appalachian frontier in this period
- What was the defining characteristic(s) that separated northern and southern trans-Appalachia?
- Describe the trans-Appalachian river system and the role it played in migration and American development
- Affirm or Refute: “This portion of the story opens on a world of a vast open and varied landscape; it closes on the increasing presence on the land of numbers of small settlements that represented the harbingers of American presence.”
- Describe the process of expanding federal powers in the territories
- What influenced the Federal government when deciding to be either a “mediator” or an “advocate” in state / territory – tribal relationships?
- Describe the provisions, impact and unintended consequences of the Northwest Ordinance, The Southwest Ordinance and the Land Ordinance of 1784 and 1785
- In what ways did international affairs impact trans-Appalachian development?
- Who was General Anthony Wayne? Describe the Northwest Indian War and the significance of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
- Who was John Jay? Describe the Jay Treaty and the role he played in the settlement of the trans-Appalachian frontier
- Who was Thomas Pinkney? Describe the Pinckney’s Treaty / Treaty of San Lorenzo and the role Pinkney played in the settlement of the trans-Appalachian frontier
- Explain and Expand: “This confrontation over land began with words and by the end of the decade had moved to violence.”
- Compare and Contrast: The Native American tribes of the Northwest and Southwest territories
- Who was William Henry Harrison?
- Describe the evolution of the area of the Indiana Territory from 1795-1815
- Describe the Haitian Revolution?
- In what ways did the Haitian Revolution impact the trans-Appalachian frontier?
- How did the immediate presence of slavery impact the characteristics of southern trans-Appalachia?
- How did the lack of an immediate presence of slavery impact the characteristics of northern trans-Appalachia?
- What were the advances in transportation and communication that continued to fuel trans-Appalachian migration?
- The Northwest Ordinance
- The Southwest Ordinance Of 1790
- The Land Ordinance of 1784
- The Land Ordinance of 1785
- The Papers of John Jay – Colombia University
- The Jay Treaty; November 19, 1794 – Yale
- Pinkney’s Treaty of 1785 – George Washington’s Mount Vernon Collection
- Tennessee Constitution of 1796
- Act Creating Indiana Territory, 1800
- Second Census of the United States, Indiana Territory, 1800
Articles and Resources
- Brief Biography: Anthony Wayne – Ohio History Central
- Brief Biography: John Jay – Colombia University
- Brief Biography: Thomas Pinkney – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: William Henry Harrison – The White House
- Brief Biography: William Henry Harrison – The Miller Center
- Brief Biography: William Henry Harrison – Ohio History Center
- The Jay Treaty – Library of Congress Guide
- The Jay Treaty – The Papers of John Jay
- Pinckney’s Treaty / Treaty of San Lorenzo – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Map: The Indiana Territory
- The Haitian Revolution: A Documentary History by David Geggus
- Avengers of the New World by Laurent Dubois
- Facing Racial Revolution: Eyewitness Accounts of the Haitian Insurrection by Jeremy D. Popkin
- Toussaint Louverture: A Revolutionary Life by Philippe Girard
- Haiti: The Tumultuous History – From Pearl of the Caribbean to Broken Nation by Philippe Girard
- The Slaves Who Defeated Napoleon: Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian War of Independence, 1801–1804 by Philippe R. Girard