Modern European History

Russian History

Objective: To provide a broad understanding of the history of Modern Europe during the “Age of the Americas” or “American Age” with the hope of providing the European context for American History and the immigrants that make up our a substantial part of American History and particularly United States History. This isn’t intended to provide a comprehensive history of Modern Europe or the Atlantic world and Spanish America, but to understand European events and peoples that impacted the United States and its history.

We intend to read about 2-3 chapters each month, so the pace will be easy if you are participating in other groups.



  • Chapter 6
  • Chapter 7
  • Chapter 8
  • Chapter 9
  • Chapter 10
  • Chapter 11
  • Chapter 12
  • Chapter 13