I believe the American people, to the fullest extent consistent with national security, are entitled to be informed of all developments in the field of atomic energy. That is my reason for making public the following information.
We have evidence that within recent weeks an atomic explosion occurred in the U.S.S.R.
Ever since atomic energy was first released by man, the eventual development of this new force by other nations was to be expected. This probability has always been taken into account by us.
Nearly 4 years ago I pointed out that “scientific opinion appears to be practically unanimous that the essential theoretical knowledge upon which the discovery is based is already widely known. There is also substantial agreement that foreign research can come abreast of our present theoretical knowledge in time.” And, in the Three-Nation Declaration of the President of the United States and the Prime Ministers of United Kingdom and of Canada, dated November 15, 1945, it was emphasized that no single nation could in fact have a monopoly of atomic weapons.
This recent development emphasizes once again, if indeed such emphasis were needed, the necessity for that truly effective enforceable international control of atomic energy which this Government and the large majority of the members of the United Nations support.
- How did gender imbalance and role reversal effect the beginning of post war European recovery?
- How was the experience of people west of Berlin and people east of Berlin different and similar?
- Describe the compulsory (by law) and forced (left with no other choice) migration in Europe during 1938-1945
- Describe the compulsory (by law) and forced (left with no other choice) migration in Europe during the immediate post war period
- Compare and Contrast the population transfers during the war with the transfers after the war?
- How were the post war population transfers different in the west and east?
- How were the physical circumstances and experience of Jews in the post war period different from other displaced and persecuted persons?
- How was the experience of Jews in the post war period different in the east and west?
- Describe the evolution of World War II into civil war in Yugoslavia and Greece. What circumstances made them different from other eastern European nations?
- Describe the evolution of the Holocaust into pogroms and ethnic cleansing in Soviet occupied Europe.
Response / Thought Quotes
- “The human problem the war will leave behind it has not yet been imagined, much less faced by anybody. There has never been such destruction, such disintegration of the structure of life”
- “At the conclusion of the First World War it was borders that were invented and adjusted, while people were on the whole left in place.6 After 1945 what happened was rather the opposite: with one major exception boundaries stayed broadly intact and people were moved instead.”
- “‘Flotsam and jetsam! Women who had lost husbands and children, men who had lost their wives; men and women who had lost their homes and children; families who had lost vast farms and estates, shops, distilleries, factories, flour-mills, mansions. There were also little children who were alone, carrying some small bundle, with a pathetic label attached to them. They had somehow got detached from their mothers, or their mothers had died and been buried by other displaced persons somewhere along the wayside.’”
For information regarding life in Germany in the immediate post war period, see:
For Information regarding life in Poland in the immediate Post war period, see: