Response / Thought Quotes
“Our people do not so much need to have their heads stored, as to have their hearts touched.”
“a most awakening sermon, and before sermon was done there was a great moaning and crying through the whole house—What shall I do to be saved—oh, I am going to Hell—oh, what shall I do for Christ, etc., etc., so that the minister was obliged to desist—the shrieks and cries were piercing and amazing.”
“The power of God came down. My knees smote together. … It seem[e]d to me I was a sinking down to hell. I tho[ugh]t the floor I stood on gave way and I was just a going, but then I began to resign and, as I resigned, my distress began to go off till I was perfectly easy, quiet, and calm. … It seem[e]d as if I had a new soul & body both.”
“I had in my Pocket a Handful of Copper Money, three or four silver Dollars, and five Pistoles in Gold. As he proceeded, I began to soften, and concluded to give the Coppers. Another Stroke of his Oratory made me ashamed of that, and determined me to give the Silver; and he finished so admirably, that I emptied my Pocket wholly into the Collector’s Dish, Gold and all. “
“When I saw Mr. Whitefield come upon the Scaffold he Lookt almost angelical; a young, Slim, slender, youth before some thousands of people with a bold, undaunted Countenance, and my hearing how God was with him every where as he came along, it Solemnized my mind; and put me into a trembling fear before he began to preach; for he looked as if he was Clothed with authority from the Great God; and a sweet sollome solemnity sat upon his brow. And my hearing him preach, gave me a heart wound; by God’s blessing: my old Foundation was broken up.”
“In the ordinary Excitations of Grace before this Time, there were more Females added than Males, … but in this extraordinary Season, the Grace of GOD has surprisingly seized and subdued the hardiest Men, and more Males have been added here than of the tenderer sex.”
- Explain and Expand: “Myth insists that the seventeenth-century English colonists fled from religious persecution into a land of religious freedom. In addition to omitting economic considerations, the myth grossly simplifies the diverse religious motives for emigration.”
- Describe the Establishment church in New England and how it shaped New England society. How and Why was Rhode Island different?
- Describe the lack of an Establishment church in Middle Colonies and how this shaped society in the Middle Colonies
- Describe the Anglican church in the Chesapeake and how it shaped Chesapeake society. How did the Catholic church exist in Maryland alongside the Anglicans?
- Describe the Establishment church in Southern Colonies and how it shaped society and slavery in the Southern Colonies
- In what ways were “revivals” a part of traditional Congregationalist and Presbyterian churches? What was the nature and purpose of traditional revivals?
- Who was Jonathan Edwards?
- Describe the sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” as a revival sermon. How was it used orally and in written form and what difference did this have on its impact?
- What were the varieties of revival experiences and how did this vary by sect and region?
- Explain and Expand: “The cultivation of despair, however, was a dangerous business that imperiled the lives of the melancholy.”
- What was the significance of the work “A Faithful Narrative of the Surprizing Work of God”?
- Who was George Whitefield?
- What role did theatrics play in Great Awakening revivals? How did organizers attempt to use the atmosphere to enhance the experience?
- How did revivalism begin the “Social Gospel” tradition in New England?
- In what ways did gender and age make the Great Awakening different from traditional revivals?
- What was the significance of the sermon “The Danger of an Unconverted Ministry”
- Describe the evolution of the relationship between the Establishment Church and Revivalism?
- Compare and Contrast the “Old Lights” and the “New Lights”?
- How did the battle between Old Lights and New Lights play out in educational institutions?
- What part of the conflict between New Lights and Old Lights was over substance / doctrine and what part was over church culture, control and tradition?
- Describe the divisions within Great Awakening Evangelicalism?
- How was the experience of the Great Awakening radical Evangelicalism different in the Southern colonies?
- Describe the development of the Baptists within the Evangelical Movement?
- Compare and Contrast traditional / conservative Baptists with radical evangelical Baptists
- In what ways did Great Awakening Evangelicalism address the issue of slavery?
- In what ways did Great Awakening Evangelicalism impact Native Americans?
- React and Respond: “Revivals were too emotionally demanding to last.”
- What were the regional legacies of Great Awakening Evangelicalism?
Articles and Resources