Response / Thought Quotes
- “The two sides were draining each other in a fight so huge and costly, so rich in drama, that it had captured the imagination of the world. Verdun had been elevated to such colossal symbolic importance that France needed only to hold on in order to claim a momentous victory. Falkenhayn, originally indifferent to whether Verdun fell or not, now desperately needed to take it. The trap that he had wanted to construct for the French now held him firmly in its grip.”
- “The Russians responded with yet another expression of their almost touching readiness to try to come to the rescue whenever asked—an eagerness that contrasted sharply with the cynicism and contempt that so often tainted relations between the British and the French. It is difficult to imagine Joffre or Haig responding as the Russians did if the situation had been reversed.”
- “It seems as though we are living under a steam hammer…You receive something like a blow in the hollow of the stomach. But what a blow!…Each explosion knocks us to the ground. After a few hours one becomes somewhat dumbfounded.”
Response Quotes – Airships and Landships
- “But the war transformed aviation with dazzling speed. In a matter of months it changed the airplane from a novelty of uncertain value—“a useless and expensive fad,” Britain’s top general said as late as 1911—to an essential element in the arsenal of every nation.”
- What does the author mean by “Verdun Metastasizes”?
- Describe the German attempt to “restart” the Verdun battle and the French response to it
- At this point in the battle, what factors made the “balance” lean towards the French
- Describe how the French advantage was used and wasted
- How did the battle of Verdun settle into a stalemate?
- Describe how the evolution of the French military staff impacted the French war
- How did the fight at Verdun impact the fight in the East?
- Describe the Russian “roadless” period and its impact on military operations
- Describe the evolution of the Russian Army in 1916 and how this situation in the west impacted this evolution
- Describe the turnover in leadership the year 1916 produced
- In what ways were the reasons for leadership changes in 1916 related to each other?
- Explain and Expand: “Pétain’s artillery too was taking a fearsome toll, but literally foot by foot the attackers were clawing their way forward in what was by now a war of attrition of the rawest and most savage kind.”
- Describe the “Lake Naroch debacle”
- Explain and Expand: “The Eastern Front had fallen quiet in the aftermath of Lake Naroch”
- In what ways did Alexei Polivanov impact the Russian war effort
- Who was Rasputin and In what ways did he impact the Russian royal family and government?
- Who was Aleksey Alekseyevich Brusilov and how did he impact the Russian war?
Thought Questions: Airships and Landships
- Describe the impact World War I had on the development of tanks. How did tanks impact World War I?
- Describe the impact World War I had on the development on war planes. How did war planes impact World War I?
- Describe the impact World War I had on the development of “Lighter than air” ships. How did “lighter than air” ships impact World War I?
- Affirm or Refute: “The Great War did give birth to the tank”
- Who was the Manfred von Richthofen – the “Red Baron”
Articles and Resources
- Brief Biography: Raymond Poincaré – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: General Mikhail Vasilyevich Alexeyev – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: Alexei Polivanov
- Brief Biography: Joseph Gallieni – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: General Robert Nivelle – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: General Charles Mangin – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: Grigori Rasputin -Biography.com
- The murder of Rasputin
- Brief Biography: Grigory Yefimovich Rasputin – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: Aleksey Alekseyevich Brusilov – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Brief Biography: Manfred von Richthofen – Encyclopedia Britannica
- Inside the mind of the Red Baron
- Rasputin: Faith, Power, and the Twilight of the Romanovs by Douglas Smith
- 1916: A Global History by Keith Jeffery