Response / Thought Quotes
- “In 1654, a boatload of penniless Jewish war refugees from the Dutch colony of Brazil was met with hostility from the anti-Semitic governor, Peter Stuyvesant, who called them a “deceitful race” and tried to cast them from the colony.”
- “When Stuyvesant tried to limit Quaker immigration (“this new unheard of, abominable heresy”), the people of Flushing protested, writing that “the law of love, peace and liberty in the states extends to Jews, Turks [i.e., Muslims] and Egyptians [Gypsies], which is the glory of the outward state of Holland.””
- “not force people’s consciences but allow every one to have his own belief, as long as he behaves quietly and legally, gives no offense to his neighbors, and does not oppose the government.”
- “Offending the five tribes of the Iroquois nation would have been not only suicidal but also bad for business”
- In what ways is the Dutch influence largely the “reason New York is New York”?
- What is the difference between the Netherlands and Holland?
- Why was Holland a center for refugee émigré intellectuals and religious dissenters?
- Describe the Dutch community at Leiden
- What reasons did the Dutch have for founding New Netherland and how did this impact the character of the colony?
- Compare and Contrast the tolerance and freedom found in the New Netherland colony with the form of government found in the colony
- How did self-interest and enlightened thinking impact the government of New Netherland?
- Explain and Expand: “The Dutch trait of tolerance was just that. They didn’t celebrate diversity but tolerated”
- Describe the Dutch West India Company.
- What role did the slave trade play in Dutch colonialism?
- How did New Amsterdam’s European relations unique among the American colonies?
- How was the colony of New York created?
- Who was James the Duke of York? How did the accession of James II impact Colonial America?
Articles and Resources
- Dutch West India Company, 1621-1664 Jersey City’s Colonial Background
- New Netherland Institute
- Brief Biography: James the Duke of York / James II
- The Island at the Center of the World by Russell Shorto
- The Dutch Atlantic: Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation by Kwame Nimako and Glenn Willemsen
- New Netherland Connections: Intimate Networks and Atlantic Ties in Seventeenth-Century America by Susanah Shaw Romney